Turkish Rugs

  • Styles
  • Origin
  • Colour
  • Turkish Rugs
  • Pattern
  • Material
  • Anatolian Rugs

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What are Turkish Rugs?

    Turkish rugs, also known as Anatolian rugs, are exquisite handwoven textiles that have a rich history spanning centuries. They originate from the Anatolian region of Turkey, where they are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans using traditional techniques passed down through generations. Renowned for their intricate designs, vibrant colours, and superior craftsmanship, they hold a special place in the world of textiles and interior decor. At the heart of Turkish rug making is a deep-rooted tradition that blends artistry, culture, and heritage.

    One of the distinguishing features of Turkish rugs is the use of high-quality natural materials. Wool is the most common fibre used in Turkish rug making due to its durability, softness, and ability to hold natural dyes well. Additionally, cotton and silk are often incorporated into the designs, adding texture, sheen, and intricacy to the finished product.

    Turkish rugs come in a variety of styles, each with its own unique characteristics and motifs. Kilims, for example, are flat-woven, adorned with geometric patterns and vibrant colours, making them versatile pieces that complement a range of interior styles. Oushak rugs, on the other hand, are known for their soft, pastel hues and large-scale floral motifs, creating an elegant and timeless aesthetic.

    The process of making a Turkish rug is a labour-intensive and time-honoured craft. It begins with the careful selection and preparation of materials, including spinning the yarn and dyeing it using natural pigments sourced from plants, minerals, or insects. Skilled artisans then set up the loom and meticulously weave each rug by hand, knot by knot, paying close attention to detail and precision.

    What sets Turkish rugs apart is not just their exquisite craftsmanship but also the cultural significance they hold. They are deeply intertwined with Turkish heritage and traditions, with each design often carrying symbolic meanings that reflect the beliefs, values, and identity of the Anatolian people.

    In addition to their cultural significance, Turkish rugs are also valued for their durability and longevity due to the skill of the weavers. When properly cared for, they can last for generations, becoming cherished antique heirlooms passed down within families.

    Whether displayed as decorative accents or used as functional floor coverings, Turkish rugs add warmth, beauty, and character to any space. With their timeless appeal and enduring craftsmanship, Turkish rugs continue to captivate admirers around the world, serving as tangible reminders of Turkey's rich artistic legacy and cultural heritage.

  • What materials are used in Turkish Rug making?

    Turkish rug making is an ancient craft that relies on the use of high-quality natural materials to create exquisite textiles that are both durable and beautiful. These rugs, also known as Anatolian rugs, are renowned for their intricate designs, vibrant colours, and superior craftsmanship, all of which are achieved through the careful selection and preparation of materials.

    One of the primary materials used in Turkish rug making is wool. Wool is prized for its durability, resilience, and ability to hold dyes well, making it a preferred choice for rug weaving. The wool used in Turkish rugs is typically sourced from sheep raised in the Anatolian region, where the climate and grazing conditions produce fibres of exceptional quality. After shearing, the wool is cleaned, carded (the process of ensuring all the wool fibres are aligned), and spun into yarns of varying thicknesses, ready to be dyed and woven.

    In addition to wool, cotton is another commonly used material in Turkish rug making. Cotton yarns are often used as the foundation or warp threads of the rug, providing strength and stability to the woven structure. Cotton is valued for its smooth texture, which complements the wool pile and allows for intricate designs to be woven with precision.

    Silk is a luxurious material that is sometimes incorporated into Turkish rugs, especially in more elaborate or finely detailed designs. Silk fibres are prized for their softness, lustre, and ability to take dyes vividly, resulting in rich, jewel-toned colours that shimmer in the light. Silk is typically used as a highlight or accent in Turkish rugs, adding a touch of luxury and sophistication to the overall composition.

    Natural dyes play a crucial role in Turkish rug making, contributing to the rich and vibrant colours that characterise these textiles. Historically, natural dyes were derived from plants, minerals, and insects found in the Anatolian region. Plants such as madder, indigo, and cochineal were used to create a wide range of colours, from earthy reds and blues to vibrant yellows and greens. While synthetic dyes are sometimes used in modern rug production, traditional artisans continue to use natural dyes for their authenticity and environmental sustainability.

    Overall, the use of high-quality natural materials such as wool, cotton, silk, and natural dyes is central to Turkish rug making, ensuring that each rug is not only visually stunning but also durable, long-lasting, and environmentally friendly. Through the careful selection and skillful manipulation of these materials, artisans create pieces that are not just functional floor coverings but cherished works of art that embody the rich cultural heritage of Turkey.

  • What are the different types of Turkish Rugs?

    Turkish rugs encompass a diverse range of styles, each with its own unique characteristics, motifs, and regional influences. They are crafted by skilled artisans using traditional techniques passed down through generations, resulting in a rich tapestry of designs that reflect the cultural heritage and artistic traditions of Turkey. Here are some of the most notable types of Turkish rugs:

    1. Kilims: Kilims are flat-woven and characterised by their intricate geometric patterns and vibrant colours. They are woven using a technique known as slit-weave, where the weft yarns are tightly packed to create a flat surface without a pile. Kilims are versatile and lightweight, making them suitable for use as floor coverings, wall hangings, or even as saddlebags or tent dividers in nomadic communities.

    2. Kars Rugs: Originating from the Kars province in northeastern Turkey, they’re known for their bold colours and intricate motifs. These rugs often feature geometric patterns, stylised floral designs, and symbolic motifs that reflect the cultural influences of the region, including Persian, Caucasian, and Anatolian elements. Kars rugs are highly prized for their craftsmanship and artistic expression.

    3. Hereke Rugs: Hereke rugs are luxury pieces crafted in the town of Hereke, located near Istanbul. They are renowned for their fine craftsmanship, exquisite detailing, and use of luxurious materials such as silk and metallic threads. Hereke rugs often feature intricate floral or medallion designs inspired by Ottoman court motifs, and they are prized for their exceptional quality and beauty.

    4. Oushak Rugs: Oushak rugs, also known as Ushak or Usak, originate from the town of Oushak in western Turkey. They are characterised by their soft, pastel colours, large-scale floral motifs, and spacious designs. Oushak rugs often feature a central medallion surrounded by floral or vine motifs, creating a harmonious and elegant composition. They are prized for their timeless beauty and decorative appeal.

    5. Sivas Rugs: Sivas rugs are crafted in the Sivas province of central Turkey and are known for their rich colours, intricate designs, and fine craftsmanship. They often feature geometric patterns, floral motifs, and medallion designs inspired by Persian and Anatolian traditions. Sivas rugs are highly regarded for their quality and durability, making them sought-after collector's items.

    These are just a few examples of the diverse array of Turkish rugs, each with its own unique history, craftsmanship, and aesthetic appeal. Whether woven in kilim, Kars, Hereke, Oushak, Sivas, or other styles, Turkish rugs continue to captivate admirers around the world with their beauty, cultural significance, and enduring craftsmanship.

  • What makes Turkish Rugs unique?

    Turkish or Anatolian rugs are renowned worldwide for their exceptional quality, intricate designs, and cultural significance. What makes Turkish rugs truly unique are several key characteristics that set them apart:

    Rich History and Tradition: Turkish rug making has a long and storied history that dates back centuries. The tradition of rug weaving in Turkey is deeply ingrained in the cultural heritage of the Anatolian region, with techniques and designs passed down through generations of artisans. Each rug carries with it a sense of tradition and history, reflecting the artistic and cultural influences of the time and place in which it was created.

    Intricate Designs and Patterns: One of the most distinctive features of Turkish rugs is their intricate designs and patterns. They often feature geometric motifs, floral patterns, and intricate borders, meticulously woven by skilled artisans using traditional techniques. The designs are not only aesthetically pleasing but also carry symbolic meanings and cultural significance, reflecting the beliefs, values, and identity of the Anatolian people.

    Superior Craftsmanship: Turkish rugs are known for their exceptional craftsmanship and attention to detail. Each rug is handwoven on a loom by skilled artisans who have honed their craft through years of experience and practice. The weaving process is labour-intensive and requires precision, patience, and a keen eye for design. The result is a rug of unparalleled quality and beauty, with tightly packed knots and a dense, durable pile that can withstand years of use.

    High-Quality Materials: Turkish rugs are made from high-quality natural materials, including wool, cotton, and silk. Wool is the most common material used in rug weaving, prized for its durability, softness, and ability to hold dyes well. Cotton is often used for the warp threads, providing strength and stability to the woven structure, while silk may be incorporated into the design for added texture and luxury. Natural dyes derived from plants, minerals, and insects are used to achieve a wide range of vibrant colours that are both long-lasting and environmentally friendly.

    Cultural Significance: Beyond their aesthetic appeal, Turkish rugs hold deep cultural significance for the people of Turkey. They are often used to mark important life events such as weddings, births, and religious ceremonies, and are passed down from generation to generation as cherished heirlooms. The motifs and symbols woven into Turkish rugs tell stories of the region's history, traditions, and way of life, serving as tangible reminders of the rich cultural heritage of Anatolia.

    In summary, Turkish rugs are unique not only for their exquisite beauty and superior craftsmanship but also for their rich history, cultural significance, and the deep connection they foster between artisans and their heritage. Each rug is a masterpiece of artistry and tradition, reflecting the timeless elegance and enduring appeal of Anatolian rug making.

  • How do I care for my Turkish Rug?

    Caring for your Turkish rug is essential to preserve its beauty, extend its lifespan, and maintain its value over time. Proper care and maintenance can help prevent damage, keep the rug clean, and ensure that it remains a cherished part of your home decor for years to come. Here are some tips on how to care for your Turkish rug:

    Regular Vacuuming: Vacuum your Turkish rug regularly to remove surface dirt, dust, and debris. Use a vacuum cleaner with a gentle suction and a brush attachment, and be sure to vacuum both sides of the rug to remove any trapped dirt and dust.

    Rotate the Rug: Rotate your rug periodically to prevent uneven wear and fading. This is especially important if your rug is exposed to direct sunlight or heavy foot traffic. Rotating the rug every few months will help distribute the wear evenly and extend its lifespan. As some types of Turkish rug are woven with a flat-weave, they may be reversible so you can enjoy the rug on both sides. Kilim rugs in particular are known for their flat-woven structure.

    Avoid Direct Sunlight: Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause colours to fade and fibres to deteriorate over time. UV rays weaken the molecular structure of fibres, leading to degradation and deterioration of the material. This weakening effect is more pronounced in natural fibres like wool and cotton, which are susceptible to damage from prolonged exposure to sunlight. Over time, UV-induced degradation can cause fibres to become brittle, weak, and prone to breakage, compromising the overall integrity and durability of the textile. Place your Turkish rug in a location where it is not exposed to direct sunlight for long periods, or use window treatments such as curtains or blinds to filter out harmful UV rays.

    Use Rug Pads or Underlay: Place a rug pad or underlay underneath your Turkish rug to provide extra cushioning and protect the rug from wear and tear. Rug pads also help promote airflow and prevent moisture buildup, which can lead to mould and mildew growth. Rugs pads and underlay also prevent your rug from slipping or becoming damaged from incorrect positioning.

    Clean Spills Promptly: Accidents happen, so it's important to clean up spills promptly to prevent stains from setting into the rug fibres. Blot the spill with a clean, absorbent cloth to soak up as much liquid as possible, then gently blot with a damp cloth to remove any remaining residue. Avoid rubbing or scrubbing the rug, as this can damage the fibres and spread the stain.

    Professional Cleaning: Periodically, have your Turkish rug professionally cleaned by a rug expert who specialises in handmade rugs. Professional cleaning can remove embedded dirt, dust, and stains without causing damage to the delicate fibres or dyes. Avoid using harsh chemicals or cleaning solutions, as these can strip the rug of its natural oils and colours.

    Store Properly: If you need to store your rug for an extended period, roll it up carefully with the pile facing inward to protect the fibres from dust and pests. Avoid folding the rug, as this can cause creases and permanent damage to the fibres. Store the rug in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and moisture.

    By following these simple care tips, you can ensure that your Turkish rug remains clean, vibrant, and beautiful for years to come, preserving its value and heritage for future generations to enjoy.

  • Do antique Turkish Rugs suit modern homes?

    Antique Turkish rugs possess a timeless appeal and exquisite craftsmanship that can effortlessly complement the modern aesthetic of today's homes. While they may originate from a bygone era, antique Turkish rugs have a versatile quality that allows them to seamlessly integrate into contemporary spaces, adding character, warmth, and a sense of history. Here's why antique Turkish rugs are an excellent choice for modern homes:

    Unique Character: Antique Turkish rugs bring a sense of uniqueness and character to modern interiors. Each rug tells a story through its intricate designs, colours, and motifs, reflecting the cultural heritage and craftsmanship of the Anatolian region. The vintage charm adds depth and personality to contemporary spaces, creating a layered and eclectic look that is both timeless and on-trend.

    Versatile Design: Antique Turkish rugs feature a diverse range of designs, from geometric patterns and tribal motifs to floral medallions and intricate borders. This versatility allows them to complement a variety of interior styles, from minimalist and Scandinavian to eclectic and bohemian. Whether used as a focal point in a living room or layered atop a sleek hardwood floor in a modern bedroom, antique Turkish rugs can enhance the visual appeal of any space.

    Warmth and Texture: In modern homes characterised by clean lines and minimalistic design elements, antique Turkish rugs can add warmth, texture, and visual interest. The soft wool pile provides a cosy underfoot feel, while their intricate patterns and rich colours create a sense of depth and dimension. Placing an antique Turkish rug in a living room or dining area can instantly elevate the ambiance and create a welcoming atmosphere for family and guests.

    Investment Value: Antique Turkish rugs are not only beautiful additions to modern homes but also valuable investments that can appreciate in value over time. Due to their rarity, craftsmanship, and historical significance, antique Turkish rugs hold their value well and can even increase in worth as they age. Investing in an antique Turkish rug for your modern home not only enhances its aesthetic appeal but also serves as a long-term investment that can be enjoyed for generations to come.

    Sustainability: Embracing antique Turkish rugs in modern homes also aligns with sustainability principles by repurposing and preserving cultural heritage. By opting for vintage and antique pieces, homeowners contribute to the reduction of waste and the conservation of natural resources, making a positive impact on the environment.

    In conclusion, antique Turkish rugs offer a perfect blend of history, craftsmanship, and versatility that make them well-suited for modern homes. Whether used as statement pieces or subtle accents, they add a touch of elegance and sophistication to contemporary interiors, creating spaces that are both stylish and timeless.

  • The History Of Turkish Rugs

    The first Turkish rugs date from the thirteenth century Seljuk dynasty. Some of the carpets' designs hint at Turkmen's origins or influences, representing Turkish culture.

    On the west side of the Sea of Marmara, modern Turkey contains Istanbul (previously Constantinople), the surrounding European area and Anatolia's massive Asiatic territory on the east side of the Sea of Marmara. 

    By the mid-17th century, most rugs had become rectangular, with a central medallion design surrounded by an ornamental border. This is called a "medallion" because it resembles the shape of a medallion coin.

    By the late 17th century, some rugs began to be covered with silk or velvet. These became popular among wealthy Turks who could afford them. Silk was also used to make the borders.

    In the 18th century, the use of silk increased. In addition, many new designs appeared. Many of these were based on European patterns.

    The Hereke Imperial Manufacture was established in 1841 by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid I to create all the textiles for his Dolmabahçe Palace on the Bosphorus. He assembled in Hereke the finest artists and carpet weavers of the Ottoman Empire, where they started making fine rugs and enormous carpets with distinctive designs known as Hereke Rugs. When the Ottoman sultans finished building the Dolmabahçe Palace, they would give Hereke rugs as gifts to particular visiting monarchs, nobles and statesmen.

    Rug weaving continued until the end of the 19th century. The last major rug weavers were women. Most of the rugs produced during this period were small household items such as mats and tablecloths.

    After 1900, the production of rugs declined rapidly. Many rug makers fled Istanbul during World War I and settled in Germany. After the war, they regained their skills and started producing large rugs again.

    Today, the best rugs come from the Karamanli region of eastern Turkey. There are about 30 villages where rug-making continues today. Rug-making has even spread into nearby Armenia. Even though most of the antique Turkish rugs are from Turkey, not all of them are. Some came from Anatolia, Persia, Afghanistan and other neighbouring countries.

  • How Are Turkish Rugs Made?
    Turkish or Anatolian rugs are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans using traditional techniques that have been passed down through generations. The process of making a Turkish rug is a labour-intensive and intricate craft, involving several stages of preparation, weaving, and finishing.

    Material Selection and Preparation: The process begins with the careful selection of high-quality natural materials. The primary material used in Turkish rug making is wool, sourced from sheep raised in the Anatolian region. The wool is sheared, cleaned, carded, and spun into yarns of varying thicknesses. Additionally, cotton may be used for the foundation or warp threads of the rug, providing stability to the woven structure. In some cases, silk fibres may be incorporated into the design for added texture and luxury.

    Dyeing: After the yarns are spun, they are dyed using natural or synthetic pigments. Historically, natural dyes derived from plants, minerals, and insects were used to achieve a wide range of colours. Common natural dye sources include madder root for red, indigo for blue, and walnut shells for brown. The yarns are immersed in vats of boiling dye, where they absorb the colour before being hung out to dry.

    Design and Pattern Preparation: Skilled artisans then create the design and pattern for the rug, either following traditional motifs passed down through generations or innovating with new designs. The design is often drawn onto graph paper or directly onto the loom using a pattern template. This stage requires precision and attention to detail to ensure that the final rug is symmetrical and balanced.

    Loom Setup: Once the design is finalised, the loom is set up for weaving. The warp threads, typically made of cotton, are stretched tightly across the loom and secured in place. The weft threads, which form the horizontal rows of the rug, are then woven through the warp threads to create the foundation for the rug.

    Weaving: With the loom set up, the weaving process begins. Using a variety of techniques such as knotting, flat weaving, or embroidery, the artisans carefully weave the dyed yarns into intricate patterns and motifs. Each row of knots or weaves is compacted tightly to create a dense, durable pile.

    Finishing: Once the weaving is complete, the rug undergoes several finishing processes. This may include trimming the pile to an even height, washing the rug to remove any excess dye or debris, and applying a protective coating to enhance the rug's lustre and longevity.

    Final Inspection and Packaging: Finally, the finished rug undergoes a thorough inspection to ensure quality and craftsmanship. Any remaining imperfections are addressed, and the rug is carefully packaged for shipping or display.

    In summary, Turkish rugs are made through a painstaking process that combines skill, tradition, and artistry to produce exquisite textiles that are cherished for their beauty, durability, and cultural significance. Each rug is a testament to the rich heritage and craftsmanship of the Anatolian region of Turkey.
  • What Is A Turkish Rug?

    Turkish rugs, often known as Turkish carpets, are woven in Turkey.

    Most surviving Ottoman rugs made before 1800 came from workshops in Bergama, Gördes, Lâdik, Ushak and other Anatolian cities. Some early village and nomadic rugs exist, but their dating and provenance are challenging to determine.

    The earliest rugs were probably made of wool or cotton yarns on a loom similar to the one used for making kilims (pile-woven floor coverings). The first rugs were probably flat pieces with no pile and may have been used for bedding or wall hangings.

    Original Name: فرش ترکیه، قالی ترکیه

    Alternative Name(s): Turkish Carpet

  • Are Turkish Rugs expensive?

    Turkish rugs are prized for their exceptional craftsmanship, intricate designs, and rich cultural heritage, which often make them a coveted and valuable investment. The cost of Turkish rugs can vary significantly depending on factors such as size, age, condition, materials, and craftsmanship. While some Turkish rugs may be relatively affordable, others can command high prices, especially for rare or antique pieces.

    At London House Rugs, we pride ourselves in being a reputable supplier. Our Turkish rugs are available in a wide range of prices, catering to various budgets and preferences. The price range for Turkish rugs at London House Rugs typically starts from just a few hundred pounds for smaller, more contemporary pieces and can go up to several thousand pounds for authentic antique rugs with historical significance.

    The price of Turkish rugs at London House Rugs reflects their quality, authenticity, and craftsmanship. Antique Turkish rugs, in particular, are highly sought after by collectors and enthusiasts for their rarity and historical value. They may feature intricate designs, fine materials, and centuries-old craftsmanship, making them valuable pieces of art that can appreciate in value over time.

    While some may perceive Turkish rugs as expensive, it's essential to consider the value they offer in terms of their durability, beauty, and cultural significance. Turkish rugs are not just functional floor coverings but also cherished works of art that can enhance the aesthetic appeal and ambiance of any space. Investing in a Turkish rug is not only an investment in quality and craftsmanship but also a celebration of Turkey's rich artistic heritage and cultural legacy.

    Moreover, Turkish rugs are known for their longevity and durability, often lasting for generations when properly cared for. Unlike mass-produced pieces, handmade Turkish rugs are crafted with meticulous attention to detail and using high-quality natural materials, ensuring that they retain their beauty and value over time.

    In summary, while Turkish rugs may be perceived as expensive, their cost is justified by their exceptional quality, craftsmanship, and cultural significance. At London House Rugs, Turkish rugs are available at various price points to suit different budgets and preferences, making them accessible to a wide range of customers who appreciate fine craftsmanship and timeless beauty in their home decor.

  • How do I purchase an authentic Turkish Rug?

    When looking to purchase authentic Turkish rugs, it's crucial to choose a reputable supplier who values quality, craftsmanship, and ethical practices. We, at London House Rugs, stand out as a trusted destination for those seeking genuine Turkish rugs of exceptional quality and beauty. With a commitment to ethical relationships with weavers throughout the East, London House Rugs ensures that each rug tells a story of tradition, skill, and cultural heritage.

    We pride ourselves on our exhaustive process of sourcing, making, and finishing, guaranteeing both quality and beauty in every rug. Here's why we’re the ideal choice for purchasing authentic Turkish rugs:

    Ethical Sourcing: We maintain ethical relationships with weavers across the East, ensuring fair wages, safe working conditions, and respect for traditional craftsmanship. By sourcing directly from skilled artisans, we support local communities and preserve the cultural heritage of rug making.

    Exceptional Quality: Each of our Turkish rugs is meticulously crafted using time-honoured techniques and high-quality natural materials. From the selection of wool and dyes to the weaving process and finishing touches, every step is carried out with care and attention to detail, resulting in rugs of exceptional quality and durability.

    Exquisite Beauty: We offer a diverse selection of Turkish rugs, ranging from traditional designs to contemporary interpretations. Whether you're drawn to the intricate geometric patterns of a Kilim or the elegant motifs of an Oushak, each rug is a masterpiece of artistry and craftsmanship, guaranteed to enhance any space with its beauty and charm.

    Reputation for Excellence: With a reputation for excellence in the industry, we have become a trusted name among rug enthusiasts, interior designers, and collectors alike. Customers can shop with confidence, knowing that they are investing in authentic Turkish rugs of the highest quality and provenance.

    Personalised Service: Our customers receive personalised service and expert guidance throughout the purchasing process. Whether you're searching for a specific style, size, or colour palette, our knowledgeable staff are dedicated to helping you find the perfect rug to suit your preferences and needs.

    In conclusion, for those seeking authentic Turkish rugs of exceptional quality and beauty, London House Rugs is the premier destination. With a commitment to ethical sourcing, exquisite craftsmanship, and personalised service, we ensure that each rug is not just a floor covering but a cherished work of art that celebrates the rich cultural heritage of Turkey.

  • What Makes Turkish Rugs Special?

    They have decorated the palaces of sultans and queens, served as the basis for fairy tales and legends and padded the footsteps of countless generations. When the Turks of the Seljuk Empire first started weaving these bright carpets in Anatolia in the 13th century, they were known as Turkish rugs. With their ruby reds and misted blues, intertwined botanical patterns, and rhythmic geometries, Turkish rugs are just as popular today as they were then.

    Since the 13th century, geography, customer demand, technology and other factors have all had an impact, but the rugs have continued to reflect rich, ancient cultural and artistic traditions.

    Exquisite hand weaving method

    Antique Turkish carpets are well-known not only for their remarkable patterns and gorgeous colour combinations but also for their special weaving method. The symmetrical knotting method, also known as double knotting or the Turkish knot, is generally used in Turkish rugs. Each knot is created using this method on two warps. The pile thread is wrapped completely around the two warps on either end before being pulled down. Each Turkish rug is made using a method that has been refined and passed down through the generations, keeping it true to its origins.

    Beautiful patterns

    Antique Turkish rugs have a one-of-a-kind combination of traditional themes and motifs, such as the wheel of fortune, which represents prosperity, the ram horn, which represents power, the chest, which represents dowry, and the eye, which is used to ward against evil. Turkish rug designs are not just merely ornamental: they also express specific aspirations for a house or a family. They assert that every ancient rug is special and that the designs have a narrative. Each eye-catching design on Turkish rugs denotes a distinct meaning, and each pattern represents an emotion or a natural occurrence. Traditionally, weavers infuse their emotions and wishes for things like love, prosperity, good fortune and health into their designs.

    High quality and excellent technique

    An old Turkish rug's reverse reveals its true quality because it exhibits the skilled weaving method that was employed. The intricate design's prominence at the back is a hallmark of its exceptional quality. Their distinctive quality makes our carpets at London House Rugs stand out and make them an appealing and unique addition to your house.

    The number of knots increases proportionately to how noticeable the pattern is on the rug's reverse, increasing the overall knot count. Turkish rugs with a greater knot count are typically more expensive because the weaving process requires more time for the elaborate designs. A rug must contain at least 500 knots on average or more to be considered a good-grade rug.

    Made with premium materials

    High-grade wool, silk and cotton combined with natural colours are used to create a fascinating Turkish rug. Turkish rugs are distinguished by their distinct aesthetics, vivid hues, and high level of durability due to the ideal fusion of quality materials. Typically, Turkish carpets are comprised of silky, lustrous wool, fine silk and premium cotton. These materials can be used separately or in combination. Turkish rugs are exceptionally durable and can survive for many years thanks to natural materials. Fine silk spun by silkworms into their cocoons is used to make Turkish silk rugs. Silk is strong, flexible and has a high tensile strength. A silk rug is typically seen as more opulent than one made of cotton, wool or animal hair.

    Turkish wool carpets are frequently woven from the fleece of lambs or sheep. A number of things affect the quality of wool. It varies depending on the type of sheep, the local environment and the time the sheep are sheared for their wool. Because the sheep are nourished adequately in fields with plenty of greenery and water, they are healthier and produce wool of higher quality in colder climates. The major reason wool is used so frequently in old Turkish rugs is that it has many advantages. Turkish wool rugs are extremely durable and have a natural sheen that enhances their beauty. In addition, it is flexible, simple to weave and colour-accepting.

    Bold hues created from natural dyes

    Natural dyes sourced from plants, minerals and animals are used to create the vast range of hues found in Turkish rugs. The unlimited colour options for dyeing the threads give the weaver more freedom to use her creativity and produce stunning works of art. Some Turkish rugs feature a straightforward striped design made up of several vibrant colours. Perfect for use as a tablecloth, upholstery, draperies or flat weave rug. Turkish rugs' beautiful hues are naturally obtained from dyes originating from plants, roots, flowers, animals, insects and minerals.

    Natural colours include red, navy blue, yellow, brown, grey and black. Turkish rugs' most cherished aesthetic features are the mixes of these strong, vibrant hues. This historic approach, which was widely employed in Anatolia, has persisted over time and is still being continuously modified to accommodate modern carpet-making methods. The main advantages that natural dyes have over synthetic dyes are that they are more durable and that exposure to direct sunshine makes them shine brighter and become more vibrant.

    Turkish Rugs are versatile

    They can be used in various ways, from flooring to hangings for wall decor and even as table coverings.

    The most common use for Turkish rugs is on the floor. The rug's design will determine how it should be placed. If the rug has a lot of patterns or colour variations, then it may need to be centred. If the rug is a solid colour, then it can be centred or left alone.

    Another way to use a Turkish rug is as an accent piece. This could be done by placing it on top of another rug or by using it as a base for other items such as pillows, lamps or accessories.

    When choosing a place for your Turkish rug, consider its purpose. For example, if you want to use it as a decorative item, then choose a spot where it won't get dirty. However, if you plan to use it as a functional item, ensure it is cleanable.

    If you're looking for a unique gift idea, then look no further than Turkish rugs. These pieces of art are not only beautiful rugs but also very useful.

    The design possibilities that a Turkish Rug offers are endless

    The designs and patterns of the rugs can be as unique or traditional as you like, making them perfect for any room on your property.

    If you're looking to create a statement piece that will make an impact on visitors, then these are the rugs for you!

    London House Rugs have a wide range of colours available, so there is something for everyone.

    Turkish Rugs are timeless

    They have a rich history and culture and are beautiful to look at throughout the ages.

    Rug-making is an ancient art form that has been passed down from generation to generation for thousands of years.

    Turkish rugs age beautifully because they are constructed of high-quality natural materials that only get brighter and more glossy with time, having a history of standing the test of time due to their great strength and longevity. As a material for floor covering or as an additional accessory to a room, they can withstand the wear and tear of each use.

    Turkish rugs are still in fashion when used as interior decor. No matter what the prevalent style in your property may be, a Turkish rug can adapt. It has been demonstrated to last for decades, not just years.

    Turkish Rugs are evolving

    The Turkish rug industry is one of the most important industries in Turkey, and it has been growing steadily for over a century. The first rugs were made from wool, but today's rugs can be made from any number of materials, including cotton, silk, polyester or even nylon.

    Today's rugs have become more sophisticated than ever before. They come in many different shapes, sizes, colours and patterns. Some rugs are designed to fit into specific rooms, while others are meant to serve as both indoor and outdoor furniture.

    Today's rugs are available in various designs, styles and colours. You can find them in traditional designs like floral, animal, abstract, tribal, folkloric and geometrical motifs. Modern designs are also inspired by nature, architecture, fashion and pop culture.

  • The Characteristics Of Turkish Rugs

    Turkey has long been regarded as one of the world's leading producers of Oriental rugs. Over the years, Turkey has been attributed to the development and growth of folk art weavings. Turkey's weavers were highly skilled and innovative, employing innovative designs and techniques.

    Turkish rugs are created from the finest materials available. Cotton and wool-cotton blends are far less valued than hand-spun wool and silk. You can immediately tell the difference between silk and cotton rugs.

    Turkish carpets are available in a wide range of hues, so you can choose the colour scheme that best suits your preferences. Look for a rug dyed with natural colours that lasts longer and does not fade easily. Chemical dyes tend to look washed out.

    They're frequently utilised as miniature rugs and wall hangings, which, combined with the appropriate furniture, give an impressive touch to the middle eastern style.

    Many experts can identify a rug's origins and the story it tells just by looking at it. Usually, the stories are those that the creators, who are primarily women, desire to speak. Look for the tale in a Turkish rug to learn more about its meaning.

    Because they are antique art pieces, older carpets are more valuable than newer ones. Newer carpets may be of good quality, but they lack the inherent value of older rugs.

    Hand-knotted rugs are more expensive than machine-made rugs, but the quality difference is noticeable. Handmade carpets are becoming increasingly rare in today's world.

    A handmade rug may have some idiosyncrasies, but these add to its overall appeal. Every traditional Turkish rug has a unique story to tell. You may learn about the place where they were manufactured, the rug's age, the people who made it, and what was going on in their country at the time with the many details present in some carpets.

  • Turkish Rugs Are Made From The Finest Raw Materials

    Most rugs are woven on a wool foundation, while cotton foundations have become more popular since the turn of the century. Unplied wefts usually have two shoots between each row of knots. Turkey has produced some silk rugs as well.

    Fine silk spun by silkworms into their cocoons is used to make Turkish silk rugs. Silk is strong, flexible and has high tensile strength. A silk rug is typically seen as more opulent than one made of cotton, wool or animal hair.

    Standard Colours

    The colours are muted, and two tones of the same colour are commonly juxtaposed. Almost all areas of the carpet have various designs and embellishments.

    Patterns, Styles & Common Designs

    Most Turkish rugs from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are coarsely woven, with a knot density of fewer than 50 knots per square inch. The symmetric knot is employed on this rug type with few exceptions. Handwoven Turkish rugs vary not only in their knotting methods but also in their themes, which frequently depict the location in which they were manufactured and can be realistic or stylised, geometric or figurative.

    Medallions are more common in a prayer rug than all-over patterns.

    Weaving Technique

    The symmetrical Turkish/Gordes/Double knot involves looping the yarn around two warps and then pulling it between them, naturally creating a more durable rug.

  • Why Choose London House Rugs?

    You've come to the right place if you're looking for a Turkish rug! From a floor runner, a small Kilim rug, a huge area rug or a Turkish Oushak rug, London House Rugs offers a wide variety of vintage Turkish rugs. You will likely discover a Turkish rug for any room in your house, whether you're looking for one with a simple geometric pattern or one with many different colours.

    We've spent more than four decades honing our method and cultivating long-term, ethical connections with weavers all around Asia.

    A London House rug is subject to rigorous sourcing, manufacturing and finishing procedures to assure quality and beauty.

    We spend a lot of time looking for the most beautiful antique carpets and developing long-term ethical relationships with weaving cooperatives in North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and India.

    Our store has a massive assortment of new and antique rugs in various sizes offering you several choices for a vintage rug.

    Please look at some of our recent projects to get a sense of the wide range of services we offer, including everything from a single hearth rug for your house to a hundred handcrafted Persian carpets for a hotel rollout.

    Because we have over 40 years of experience, we can help you in selecting the ideal antique rug for your space. Whether it's a Persian rug, an antique Turkish Oushak or another oriental rug, you can be certain that we can help you find that special rug to add a special touch to your property.

    It is never difficult to turn a simple setting into a vibrant haven when magnificent patterns and deep colour palettes of a Turkish rug are present.

    With so many options for hues and patterns, incorporating them into interior design is simple. No matter what style dominates your property - classic, traditional, eclectic, modern, bohemian, minimalist - our rugs may be used in a variety of room settings. With a Turkish rug, the pattern possibilities are essentially endless.

  • Types Of Turkish Rugs

    Turkish rugs are divided into four categories: Hali, Kilim, Cicim and Sumak. The Hali is the thickest of the four, but the others are all flat weaves made without knots.


    A Hali rug is a soft knotted rug that is typically made using Turkish or Ghiordes knots. Hali rugs are big, thick and are usually used in bedrooms, living rooms and hallways.

    Hali Rugs come in many different colours and designs and can be found in all shapes and sizes. However, the most common size for a Hali rug is 6 feet by 8 feet.


    The term "Kilim", which has its roots in Turkey, is a piece of hand-woven fabric made utilising a flat weaving technique and lacking any pile. This term refers to more than just rugs: kilims are also utilised as wall art, hangings, tablecloths, bedspreads, upholstery for furniture and even bags.

    The simple and striking geometric patterns on kilim rugs make them distinctive. They are also known as "slit-woven" fabrics. This is due to a design element you'll see if you look closely: tiny vertical gaps between the various coloured regions and where the colours converge along the margins of the patterns.

    Cicim (or Jijim)

    Cicim, often written jijim, is a handmade rug-like spread or hanging manufactured in Anatolia from a variety of coloured strips that are woven together on a small loom using regular cloth weave. While on the loom, the patterns of this Anatolian rug are often created by brocading. However, some details may be embroidered afterwards.

    In a mainly balanced or weft-faced plain ground weave, additional coloured yarns are woven into the conventional warp and weft system using the extra-weft semi-wrap float technique. The resulting pattern looks like couched satin stitch because it creates solid lines over the plain ground weave, and it has even been incorrectly described as a style of embroidery used on plain weave flat-woven rugs.

    The Turkish word Cici (little and exquisite) is supposed to have inspired the name, along with the first-person possessive suffix im. The term "jajim" or "jejim" is used in Iran to designate a type of warp-faced weave that results in narrow strips sewn together after being produced.

    Cicim carpets are comparable to Sumak rugs but feature additional brocade methods that are unique to the tribes and villages of central Anatolia.

    Sumak (or Soumak)

    Soumak is a kind of flat weave that resembles kilim in some ways but differs in that it has a thicker, stronger weave, a smooth front face, but also a ragged back, as opposed to kilim's smooth front face and back. Soumak is typically woven with additional weft threads as continuous supports, lacking the slits that distinguish kilim. In order to provide strength and an embroidery-like design, the technique requires wrapping coloured weft threads over and beneath the warp threads.

    Other hand-knotted carpets are not constructed the same way as Soumaks. These carpets are made using an intricate and old construction method that results in a thick, sturdy and incredibly long-lasting flat-weave rug.

    Patchwork Rugs

    Patchwork rugs are made from various 30-90 year-old Turkish carpets that have been cleansed, repaired and woven together to form the Patchwork floor decoration (which resembles floor tile work). This is another way to take advantage of the traditional designs and give them a new life, generally with a mix of vintage carpets from small villages and regions.

  • How Much Do Turkish Rugs Cost?

    Turkish rugs can sometimes be quite expensive, but their exceptional beauty makes them worthwhile as an investment. Turkish and other traditional rugs are prized as extremely expensive decorative items, and just like fine art, their value increases over time.

    The cost of carpets varies depending on the carpet's kind and quality. Additionally, some salespeople price rugs based on the number of knots. The great quality of handmade Turkish rugs would explain their high cost.

    The priciest is typically composed of silk and has a significantly different appearance from wool or cotton, typically with a lovely sheen. Dye, colour and pattern: colour is very important, and the kind of dyes employed determines the shade and overall appeal.

    Turkish rugs can range in price from £50 to £50000, depending on design, materials and age.

  • Traditional Turkish Rugs vs Contemporary Turkish Rugs

    The characteristics of both contemporary and traditional carpets are distinct, but how does a rug fit into any of these categories? When you go out and look for carpets for your house or place of business, you might find the following information useful.

    Traditional Rugs

    Traditional rugs frequently have a rich history, with designs and production methods being passed down from one generation to the next. Most traditional rugs in use today have their roots in Europe and Asia in the 18th century. That is why Persian or Oriental carpets are frequently used interchangeably with traditional rugs. As a result, their patterns are based on ancient patterns that give a room timeless beauty and grandeur.

    Traditional rug colour palettes are typically determined by the dyes readily available during the period. Rich reds, blues and golds are common colours in traditional Turkish carpets, but earthier hues like orange, brown and green, which can be produced with vegetable dyes, are more common in tribal-style rugs. Traditional rug designs frequently contain straight lines, floral motifs, medallions in the centre, and complicated geometric shapes like diamonds, hexagons, and octagons.

    Contemporary Rugs

    Like modern art, contemporary rugs frequently have striking hues, unusual patterns, or even graphic designs. They can appear free-form but generally take an architectural and modern approach. However, a contemporary rug's appearance and texture are very different from a traditional rug's. They may still have retro shapes and patterns. A modern room is an ideal match for contemporary carpets. The geometric style is the most popular contemporary rug design, which is still in demand today. Because of their simplicity, they can be produced in practically any quality, from tufted and machine-made materials to fine hand-knotted materials like those found in London House Rugs.

    However, the manufacture of abstract designs has greatly increased in recent years, largely due to advancements in rug design technology. The most effective abstract designs will incorporate a huge variety of hues into a seamless spectrum. This makes them simple to include in contemporary settings, and you may draw colour inspiration from them to create an entire colour palette.

    Transitional Rugs

    The best elements of classic and modern design are combined in a transitional rug. They incorporate fashion-forward designs and colour palettes from current offers while drawing influence from the traditional floor coverings' classic designs.

    There are many styles of rugs beside the ones we've covered here. However, generally speaking, most rug designs fit into these big categories. Generally speaking, the key to selecting the ideal style of rug for your property is to match it to the traditional or modern design of your current furniture or the property itself. Then, you can select the adequate type of rug accordingly.