Frequently Asked Questions
- What Is A Pakistani Rug?
A hand-made Pakistani carpet, often known as a hand-made Pakistani rug, is an oriental rug woven in Pakistan. Handmade Pakistani rugs are durable, long-lasting, feature unique designs, and their craftsmanship is admired worldwide.
The weavers of Pakistan make carpets using natural materials such as wool, cotton and silk.
The majority of Pakistan's contemporary piled oriental rugs are made for export. The Pakistan Buchara or Bokhara carpets, for example, are well-known.
The carpet industry in Pakistan heavily expanded when the country gained independence. Many cities and provinces, particularly Karachi, were active in producing carpets for export around the world.
Examples of modern Pakistani handmade rugs can be seen all over the world. The rich Persian style of design dates back to the Mughal Empire.
In Pakistan, rug/carpet weaving is done in both factory and cottage settings, and because the hand-spun wool in lots of Pakistani carpets comes from Australia and New Zealand, they usually have a lustrous sheen.
- The History Of Antique Pakistani Rugs
With the arrival of the earliest Muslim conquerors, the Turkic Ghaznavids and Afghan Ghaurids, carpet weaving may have been introduced into the area of modern-day Pakistan as early as the eleventh century.
Local craftsmen borrowed Persian techniques and designs under the patronage of the Mughals. The themes and artistic elements prevalent in Mughal architecture were incorporated into carpets woven in Punjab during the period (commonly referred to as Lahore carpets today).
During the Mughal period, the carpets made in South Asia became famous. Demand for them spread abroad and their designs and knot density were distinctive.
As early as the seventeenth century, carpets produced in Lahore were the first to reach European markets, notably England.
Today, many Mughal-era Lahore carpets may be seen in museums and private collections worldwide. During the Mughal dynasty, important carpets were also created in Multan, once in India.
- Where Are Rugs Made In Pakistan?
Today, there are many different types of rugs produced in Pakistan; hand-knotted rugs made by the tribal people of Pakistan are some of the most sought after hand-made rugs in the world.
Lahore, Rawalpindi and Karachi are the three main cities that manufacture rugs. Each city has different designs and patterns.
- How Are Pakistani Rugs Made?
Their wefts and warps are made of pure cotton, making them soft and durable. However, making them is an arduous task that requires months of work.
Families who have been weaving textile art for generations make these authentic hand-made rugs. After finishing the handweaving process, the rugs are coloured with natural dyes and then stonewashed to enhance their design features. The time spent depends on the knot density, sizes, materials and dye type.
- Hand Woven Rugs Vs Hand-Knotted
The difference between hand woven and knotted area rugs is the carpet weaving process. Each Pakistani handwoven rug is hand-made, but not every hand-made rug is a hand-knotted area rug.
Embellishing the homes of connoisseurs of fine art and design for over 5000 years, hand-knotted carpets are the "crème de la crème" of the carpet world. Pakistani hand knotted rugs are premium collections of the finest handspun wool & silk fibres intricately woven by artisans with an unparalleled obsession with perfection. Pakistani Rugs also represent some of the highest quality rugs available.
- How Many Knots Per Square Inch Indicates A Quality Rug?
Knot density is a factor you should consider when buying a rug.
Knot densities in Pakistani carpets range from 40 to 350 knots per square inch. The terms "farrasie" and "palesk" describe these.
- Pakistani Rugs Are Made From The Finest Raw Materials
Pakistani rugs are made by weaving wool or cotton yarns into beautiful patterns and there are many different types of rugs.
Our extensive collection of beautiful Pakistani carpets offers you a broad choice of different sizes, colours and patterns. Each handmade Pakistani rug is made of natural weaving materials like sheep's wool and cotton.
Knowing which is best for a particular environment can be confusing, with so many carpets to choose from. In Pakistan, rugs are generally crafted from cotton, wool or silk. Each of these materials has specific properties which add to the carpet and make rugs suitable for various spaces.
- Silk is the softest material when you step on it but is expensive compared to other raw materials.
- Compared with other fabrics, the finest Pakistani wool rugs are most likely to last the longest. Wool doesn't shed much, and it is highly stain resistant, so it's perfect for households with children and pets.
- Cotton is lightweight and affordable. It makes the room feel light and airy and is easy to maintain or wash.
- Rich Colours Speak A Language Of Their Own
The majority of Pakistani carpets are knotted in red or dark colours. The colours used in these rugs are vibrant and the patterns are usually woven in wool, coloured with natural dyes.
- Pakistani Handmade Rugs - Patterns & Styles
Today, there are many designs produced in Pakistan, ranging from the Mughal Kashmir and Persian designs to the finest quality Bokharas.
The designs are often inspired by nature. Some of the most popular designs include geometric floral patterns, tribal, abstract and Persian motifs.
Pakistani Bokhara Rugs
The name of this type comes from the town of Bokhara in Central Asia.
A Pakistani rug made of wool or silk, the Bokhara rug is woven by hand using a technique called 'Ghiordes'. The pattern is created by joining together two rows of knots called the Ghiordes knot. These rugs are usually used for floor coverings.
Bokhara rugs are made in large quantities in Pakistan. Their production is similar to Turkmen rugs, but they differ significantly. They are woven exclusively to be exported. The most popular pattern is the Ersari rug. The elephant's foot design is also ubiquitous.
Bokhara rugs are very popular among people who love carpets. Their designs are based on classic geometrical shapes. The colours are usually red or gold. The traditional Turkish weaving technique, called Ghiordes knot or senna, makes them even more durable.
A traditional handwoven carpet made by nomadic tribesmen in Central Asia, this rug is woven using wool yarns and natural dyes. The colours used in this Pakistani rug are earthy tones and browns.
A century ago, rugs in designs like these were woven by Turkmen people north of present-day Afghanistan, who bartered them for goods they couldn't produce themselves.
Their weaving accumulated in bazaars like Bokhara. Later the name of the town became associated with the rugs themselves, and this historical error continues today.
Bokhara rugs are made of cotton and wool and sometimes with "silk" inlays. They can be found at low knot density (50 knots per square inch) to very high knot density (300 knots per square inch). Silk is almost always artificial silk, made from bamboo. Most wool sourced is from New Zealand.
The thick pile varies in length depending on the cutting of the rug. Some rugs are double piled, giving them more thickness and depth. The weaving technique makes sure the rug stays flat and doesn't curl up.
Red and rust colours are primarily found in these rugs, including ivory, navy, green, slate, teal, peach, rose and orange. Designs consist of rows of Tekke medallions, similar to ones used in Turkoman Style Rugs, and are named according to Turkoman tribal groups, such as Yomuds, Sailors and Erzaris.
Baluchistan is one of Pakistan's most culturally rich provinces and the land where handwoven Baluchi rugs are made. These traditional rugs feature the same styles and patterns as those produced centuries ago, but they also come in modern designs. Their designs are bright and exuberant, and they radiate the same kind of glory as those produced centuries ago.
The Baluchi rugs are made by hand using natural materials such as wool, cotton, silk and other fibres. They are woven into intricate designs and patterns that make them unique. These rugs are very durable and long-lasting. They are also easy to clean and maintain.
The Beljik rug is an exquisite work of art. Handwoven by Pakistani craftsmen, the wool used is only from the sheep's belly. This makes these rugs expensive.
To make a Beljik rug, the wool from many sheep must be used. If you are interested in rare rug types, finely-spun yarn and complex borders, then look for Pakistani Beljik rugs!
In most parts of Pakistan, a dhurrie rug is a flat-woven rug usually woven with wool and cotton, similar to kilim rugs made in Afghanistan and Turkey.
The Gabbeh rug is a traditional Persian carpet woven using natural materials such as wool and silk. It was named after the city of Gabbeh, located in the province of Khuzestan, Iran.
Pak Gabbeh rugs have modern contemporary patterns and are incredibly close to a Persian Gabbeh. Senneh and Ghiordes knots are commonly used while weaving with handspun wool and coloured using vegetable dyes.
This kind of rug is made entirely by hand and the yarn is spun from natural fibres. It takes a lot of time and effort to make these rugs. It also requires a lot of skill to create them. These rugs are very durable because of the use of natural materials.
Kazak Style Rugs
A type of rug made by hand using traditional techniques, Kazaks are durable and easy to clean. Their colours are vibrant. There are many different styles of Kazaks, including modern, contemporary and traditional.
Khal Mohammadi Rugs
This type of carpet was made initially by nomads who travelled across the desert. This carpet is woven at a large scale today, using machine-spun wool dyed with commercially produced colours. These rugs feature colourful floral patterns and bold, geometric designs. You might want a Khal Mohammadi in your collection if you're into traditionally styled carpets.
Pak Persian Rugs
The name of this type of carpet implies that it is made in Pakistan. These carpets are highly popular in both the west and east. Pak Persian rugs are made by hand using traditional methods. They take time to make but are very durable.
Pak Persian rugs have curvilinear and floral designs originating from the Tree of Life motif, Mahal motif, Isfahan motif, Tabriz motif, Kirman motif, old Kashan motif and Sultanabad motif.
Their intricate designs and knot density make them very attractive. The right size of one of these carpets can make any room look stunning.
Peshawar rugs are hand-made carpets that are woven in Peshawar, Pakistan. This rug style is often used in homes because of its unique designs and colours. The traditional Peshawar rug has a high knot count, making them durable and long-lasting. The designs are very intricate and detailed, but the overall feel is modern and fresh.
Inspired by the traditional Pakistani Yamada and traditional Sarouk designs, Jaldar rugs feature rows of diamond-shaped patterns created using the Ghiordes knot. These types of beautiful rugs look great in any setting.
The diamond shaped motifs are the most common design used in these carpets. The carpets are very durable and easy to clean and you can use them as wall hangings or floor coverings.
This carpet is made of wool and cotton yarns. The design is usually geometric, but there are many variations. It is hand-knotted using a simple technique.
Compared to other Pakistani rugs, Kilim rugs are flatwoven carpets. These rugs are also famous because they use natural yarns sourced from the Dhumba sheep.
A carpet with a thick texture, the Moghul carpet has many floral patterns. The rug is comprised of different parts, including a medallion, border and fringe. The medallion is usually decorated with flowers. The border is traditionally decorated with trellis or vines.
The fringe is also usually decorated with flowers or other ornamental shapes.
Ziegler Or Chobi Rugs
Ziegler or Chobi rugs are loved for their beautiful designs and colours.
Their high quality wool is dyed with natural pigments. They are made by hand and woven with high knot densities. These rugs are very durable and an attractive carpet investment.
Using different colours of wool, the weaver creates a beautiful piece of art. The Persian word "chob" means wood. The word "ghazn" refers to the city of Ghazni.
A Ziegler rug is a classic, timeless design that is easy to maintain and clean. This rug is great for any room, including bedrooms, living rooms or dining areas.
- How Much Do Pakistani Rugs Cost?
It can be pretty intimidating to buy hand-made Pakistani rugs online with so many factors in mind. However, by understanding its true worth, you will be better positioned to make an informed decision and buy the right rug.
With so many variables to consider, acquiring high-quality Pakistani rugs is not as easy as one may imagine. The purchase price is just the tip of the iceberg; some costs accumulate over time, including the cost of maintenance, cleaning and repair. The numerous advantages that Pakistani rugs offer make them a sound investment for generations to come.
- Why Do Pakistani Rugs Make Great Investments?
Pakistani rugs are an excellent investment. These rugs are exceptional and long-lived and people cherish these as exquisite heirlooms.
Pakistani rugs are made using quality materials and are very durable. They are also hand-made and come in various designs and colours. These rugs are great investments for decorating your house as they add comfort and warmth to any room.
- Why Choose London House Rugs?
At London House Rugs, we specialise in all things rugs. A London House Rug goes through rigorous sourcing, manufacturing and finishing operations to assure quality and beauty. We've spent over four decades perfecting our process and building long-term, ethical relationships with weavers all around Asia.
We spend a lot of time searching for the most exquisite carpets in the Middle East and forming long-term ethical partnerships with weaving centres and cooperatives. We have a large selection of new, vintage and antique rugs in our store.
For people and businesses, we design, manufacture and install carpets for various applications. Please see some of our recent projects to get a sense of our broad range of services, ranging from a single hearth rug for your home to a hundred handcrafted carpets for a hotel rollout.
We can help you choose the ideal rug for your room because we have over 40 years of experience.